Basmati rice - 1/2 kg ( 3 cups does nicely)
Mutton - 1/2 kg
(cleaned and cut into big pieces)
Onion - 1/4 kg ( 2 mediuml or one large onion)
Tomato - 100 gm ( 2 medium tomatoes)
Green chillies - 10 nos ( i actually just used 5)
Ginger - ( I just use 1 inch)10 gm
Garlic pods - 8 nos ( I used 5)
Pepper powder - 1 tsp
Turmeric powder - 1 tsp
Cashewnuts or Almonds ( handful) - 10 gm
Cinnamon(Karugapatta) - 4 small sticks
Cloves(Grambu) - 4 nos
Cardamom(Elakka) - 4 nos
Curd - 1 tbsp
Fennel(Perinjeerakam) - 1/2 tsp
Mint leaves(Pudhina) - 1/2 bunch
Coriander leaves - 1/2 bunch ( I used powder with some coriander leaves for flavoring but better if you use actual leaves)
Ghee - 1/4 cup ( you can cut back on this if you want see method)
Oil - 1/4 cup
Salt - As reqd
1)Grind together ginger, garlic and green chillies into a coarse paste.
2)Clean and soak rice for 30 mins. Keep aside.
3)Heat oil in a heavy bottom pan or a kadai.( I just use the pressure cooker)
4)Add 1/2 of the sliced onions and fry, till golden brown. Keep aside.
5)Heat up the remaining oil in the pressure cooker.
7)Add rest of the sliced onions and cashews/almonds and fry, till it becomes soft.
8)Add tomatoes, ground paste, turmeric powder, pepper powder, curd, mint and coriander leaves and saute, till the oil starts to separate.
9)Add mutton and cook, till the mutton is 3/4th cooked.(until tender usually 10 min or 1-2 whistles)
11)Cook the rice along with all spices and salt, till it is 3/4th done.Cook in a rice cooker for speed .
12)Grease a baking dish with little ghee. You can use the same pressure cooker if you wish but the layering that follows is nicer ( prettier) in a baking dish.
13)Spread 1/2 of the mutton masala and place 1/2 of rice over it.
14)Pour 1 tbspn of ghee on top of it and sprinkle some roasted onion.
15)Spread the remaining masala and top it with rice followed by ghee and fried onion.
16) do the dum for 10 - 15 mins !. I take dum to just mean cook airtight either in the pressure cooker or in the oven. Pre heat the oven for 200 degree and keep it for 10 mins.